As a responsible pet owner, for one reason or another, you may find yourself considering breeding your dog. Breeding dogs can be a fulfilling and rewarding experience, but it also comes with great responsibilities. One of the most crucial aspects of preparing to breed your dog is ensuring their health and well-being. Explore the importance of health testing and screening before breeding and provide valuable information for pet owners considering this new venture.

Why Health Testing and Screening Matters

Before deciding to breed your dog, it is critical to understand the importance of health testing and screening. 

Breeding dogs with underlying health conditions or genetic disorders can lead to serious health problems in their offspring. Proper health testing and screening can significantly reduce the risk of passing on inherited diseases and ensure the overall health of future generations.

Common Health Tests and Screenings for Breeding Dogs

To ensure the health of your breeding dog, several tests and screenings should be considered:

Genetic Testing

Genetic testing helps identify any inherited diseases or genetic disorders your dog may carry. These tests can detect various conditions, including hip dysplasia, heart diseases, eye disorders, and more. Understanding your dog’s genetic makeup allows you to make informed breeding decisions and select healthy mates.

Hip and Elbow Evaluation

Hip and elbow dysplasia are common orthopedic issues in certain dog breeds. These conditions can cause pain, lameness, and reduced mobility. 

Conducting hip and elbow evaluations, such as the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) certification, can identify any skeletal abnormalities and help determine if your dog is suitable for breeding.

Eye Examinations

Eye examinations are crucial, especially for breeds prone to eye diseases and hereditary conditions. These tests can detect conditions like cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy, and glaucoma. Certified veterinary ophthalmologists can perform thorough eye examinations and provide the necessary certifications.

To learn more about different health screenings and tests, including recommended ages for testing, refer to the informative article on pre-breeding health screening and testing for dogs.

Selecting a Suitable Mate

Once you have obtained the necessary health clearances for your dog, the next step is finding a suitable mate. Prioritizing the health and genetic compatibility of potential mates minimizes the risk of passing on diseases or genetic disorders.

Consulting with a reputable veterinarian or a professional breeder can help you identify suitable breeding candidates based on their health histories and genetic profiles. 

Collaborating with knowledgeable experts in the field ensures responsible breeding practices and increases the chances of producing healthy and well-adjusted puppies!


Preparing to breed your dog involves a significant amount of responsibility, especially when it comes to ensuring the health and well-being of future generations. 

Health testing and screening play a crucial role in preventing inherited diseases and promoting the overall well-being of your breeding dog. By conducting proper health assessments and collaborating with experts, you can make informed decisions, contribute to responsible dog breeding practices, and ensure the best outcomes.

At Florence Animal Hospital, we understand the importance of health testing and screening in preparing to breed your dog. Our experienced team of veterinarians is dedicated to providing comprehensive care for performance animals, cats, and horses. Contact us today to schedule a consultation or learn more about our services.